Module: Early Identification of Autism Spectrum Disorders


American Academy of Pediatrics, Council on Children With Disabilities, Section on Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Bright Futures Steering Committee, Medical Home Initiatives for Children With Special Needs Project Advisory Committee. Identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders in the medical home: an algorithm for developmental surveillance and screening [published correction appears in Pediatrics. 2006;119:1808–1809]. Pediatrics. 2006;118:405–420
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental     disorders, 4th Edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
Bryson, S.E., Zwaigenbaum, L., McDermott, C., Rombough, V., & Brian, J. (2008). The Autism Observation Scale for Infants: Scale development and reliability data. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 731-738.
Center for Disease Control & Prevention. (2007). Prevalence of the autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) in multiple areas of the United States, 2000 and 2002. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 56, SS 1–2.
Charman, T., Taylor, E., Drew, A., Cockerill, H., Brown, J.A., & Baird, G. (2005). Outcome at 7 years of children diagnosed with autism at age 2: Predictive validity of assessments conducted at 2 and 3 years of age and pattern of symptom change over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(5), 500-513.
Chawarska, K., Klin, A., Paul, R., & Volkmar, F. (2007). Autism spectrum disorder in the second year: Stability and change in syndrome expression. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(2),128-138.
Cohen, I.L., & Sudhalter, V. (2005). Pervasive Developmental Disorders Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) manual. Lutz, FL: PAR.
Constantino, J.N., & Gruber, C.P. (2005). Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) manual. Los  Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Cuccaro, M.L., Wright, H.H., Rownd, C.F., & Abramson, R.K. (1996). Brief report: Professional perceptions of children with developmental difficulties: The influence of race and socioeconomic status. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26(4), 461-469.
Dawson, G., Rogers, S., Munson, J., Smith, M., Winter, J., Greenson, J., et al. (2010).  Randomized controlled trial of the Early Start Denver Model: A developmental behavioral intervention for toddlers with autism: Effects on IQ, adaptive behavior, and autism diagnosis. Pediatrics, doi/10.1542/peds.2009-0958.
DeGiacomo, A., & Fombonne, E. (1998). Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities in autism. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 7(3), 131-136.
Dietz, C., Swinkels, S., van Daalen, E., van Engeland, H., & Buitelaar, J.K. (2006). Screening for autistic spectrum disorder in children aged 14-15 months: Population screening with     the Early Screening of Autistic Traits questionnaire (ESAT). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 713-722.
Fombonne, E., & Chakrabarti, S. (2001). No evidence for a new variant of measles-mumps-rubella-induced autism. Pediatrics, 108(4), e58.
Frankenburg, W.K., Dodds, J., Archer, P., Shapiro, H., Bresnick, B. (1992). The Denver II: A major revision and restandardization of the Denver Developmental Screening Test. Pediatrics, 89, 91-97.
Ganz, M.L. (2007). The lifetime distribution of the incremental societal costs of autism. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 161(4), 343-349.
Glascoe, F. P. (1998) Parents’ Evaluations of Developmental Status. Ellsworth and Vandermeer Press, Nashville: Tennessee.
Goldberg, W.A., Thorsen, K.L., Osann, K., & Spence, M.A. (2008).  Use of home videotapes to confirm parental reports of regression in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental     Disorders, 38(6),1136-1146.
Hoyson, M., Jamieson, B., & Strain, P.S. (1984). Individualized group instruction of normally developing and autistic-like children: The LENP Curriculum and Model.  Journal of the Division of Early Childhood, 8, 157-172.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. 20 U.S.C. § 614 et seq. (2004). (reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990).
Johnson, C.P., Myers, S.M., & Council on Children with Disabilities. (2007). Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5), 1183-1215.
Kleinman, J.M., Ventola, P.E., Pandey, J., Verbalis, A.D., Barton, M., Hodgson, S., et al. (2008). Diagnostic stability in very young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(4), 606-615.
Landa, R.J., Holman, K.C., & Garrett-Mayer, E. (2007). Social and communication in development in toddlers with early and later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(7), 853-864.
Leslie, D.L., & Martin, A. (2007). Health care expenditures associated with autism spectrum disorders. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 161(4), 350-355.
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P.C., & Risi, S. (2002) Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Los Angeles, CA:  Western Psychological Services.
Lord, C., Shulman, C., & DiLavore, P. (2004).  Regression and word loss in autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(5), 936-955.
Mandell, D.S., Novak, M.M., & Zubritsky, C.D. (2005).  Factors associated with age of diagnosis among children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 116(6), 1480-1486.
Mandell, D.S., Wiggins, D., Carpenter, L.A., Daniels, J, DiGuidseppi, C., Durkin, M.S.,  Giarelli, El., Morrimer, M.J., Nicholas, J.S., Pinto-Martin, J.A., Shattuck, P.T., Thomas, K.C., Yeargin-Allsopp, M.,  & Kirby, R.S. (2009). Racial/ethnic disparities in the identification of children with autism spectrum disorders.  American Journal of Public Health, 99(3), 493-498.
McEachin, J.J., Smith, T., & Lovaas, I.O. (1993). Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment.  American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97, 359-372.
Ozonoff, S., Iosif, A., Baguio, F., Cook, I.C., Hill, M.M., Hutman, T., Rogers, S.J., Rozga, A., Sangha, S., Sigman, M., Steinfeld, M.B., & Young, G.S. (2010). A prospective study of the emergence of early behavioral signs of autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 258-268.
Ozonoff, S., Williams, B.J., & Landa, R. (2005). Parental report of the early development of children with regressive autism: The “delays-plus-regression” phenotype. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 9, 495-520.
Rice, C. (2009). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders: Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, United States, 2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries, 58(SS-10), 1-25.
Robins, D.L., Fein, D., Barton, M. L., & Green, J. A. (2001). The modified checklist for autism in toddlers: An initial study investigating the early detection of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 131-144.
Rogers, S.J. (2009). What are infant siblings teaching us about autism in infancy?  Autism Research, 2(3), 125-137.
Rogers, S. J.  (1996). Brief Report:  Early intervention in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26, 243-247.
Rogers, S. J., & Lewis, H. (1989).  An effective day treatment model for young children with pervasive developmental disorders.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28, 207-214.
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003a) Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R). Los Angeles , CA : Western Psychological Services.
Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., & Berument, S.K. (2003b). Social Communication Questionnaire. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Schopler, E., Reichler, R., & Renner, B. (1988). The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Shattuck, P., Durkin, M., Maenner, M., Newschaffer, C., Mandell, D., Wiggins, L., Lee, L.C. Rice, C., Giarelli, E., Kirby, R.,  Biao, J., Pinto-Martin, J., & Cuniff, C., (2009). Timing of identification among children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: Findings from a population-based surveillance study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(5), 474-483.
Sheinkopf, S.J., & Siegel, B. (1998). Home-based behavioral treatment of young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28(1), 15-23.
Siegel, B. (2004). Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test II manual. Minneapolis:     NCS Pearson, Inc.
Siperstein, R., & Volkmar, F. (2004). Brief report: Parental reporting of regression in children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(6), 731-734. 
Smith T., Groen A.D., & Wynn J.W. (2000). Randomized trial of intensive early intervention for children with pervasive developmental disorder. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 105(4), 269–285.
Squires, J., Bricker, D., & Twombly, E. (2002a). Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional: A parent completed, child-monitoring system for social-emotional behaviors. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc.
Stone, W.L., Coonrod, E.E., & Ousley, O.Y. (2000). Screening tool for autism in two-year-olds (STAT): Development and preliminary data. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 607-612.
Stone, W.L., Coonrod, E.E., Pozdol, S.L., & Turner, L.M. (2003). The Parent Interview for Autism – clinical version (PIA-CV): A measure of behavioral change for young children with autism. Autism, 7, 9-30.
Stone, W.L., Lee, E.B., Ashford, L., Brissie, J., Hepburn, S.L., Coonrod, E.E., & Weiss, B.H. (1999). Can autism be diagnosed accurately in children under 3 years? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(2), 219-226.
Turner, L.M., & Stone, W.L. (2007). Variability in outcome for children with an ASD diagnosis at age 2.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(8), 793-802.
Werner, E., & Dawson, G. (2005). Validation of the phenomenon of autistic regression using home videotapes. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62-68, 889-895.
Werner, E., Dawson, G., Munson, J., & Osterling, J. (2005). Variation in early developmental course in autism and its relation with behavioral outcome at 3–4 years of age. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(3), 337-350.
Wetherby, A.M., & Prizant, B.M. (2002). Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile Manual, first normed edition. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.
ZERO TO THREE. (2005). Diagnostic classification of mental health and developmental disorders of infancy and early childhood (Rev. ed.; DC: 0–3R). Washington, DC: ZERO TO THREE Press.

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